Discover Lizi Port: The New Gateway for Mustang Tibet Trade and Economic Cooperation

Introduction to Lizi Port

Lizi Port is located in Yare Township, Zhongba County, Tibet, the Lizi Port stands at an impressive altitude of 4,772 meters. This strategic location is crucial as it is surrounded by Gyirong Port and Purang Port to the east and west, and borders Nepal’s Mustang County to the south. It is a mere 12 kilometres from Nepal’s Naiqiong Port. It serves as a crucial juncture in international trade, bolstering connectivity between China and neighbouring countries.

lektse border
Lektse border

Historical Significance

Historically, the Lizi Port has been an essential mutual trade point between Tibet and Nepal. It served as a traditional trade channel, notably for salt and grain exchanges. This long-standing role highlights its importance in regional trade history. In a significant development in 2017, Lizi Port was included in China’s national port opening plan, approved by the State Council. This marked the beginning of its transition to an international port, officially opening to the outside world in 2019.

The port’s development involved an investment of 400 million yuan, funding 23 key projects. These projects included the construction of a national joint inspection building, cargo inspection site, customs emergency support centre, and a border inspection emergency and information command centre, all vital for its international operational capabilities.

lektse border police
Lektse border police

Current Status and Future Prospects

As of the current year, Lizi Port has successfully passed national acceptance. This achievement is a testament to its readiness to function as a fully operational international port, ushering in a new era in the trade relations between China and Nepal.

The port boasts eight passenger inspection channels and two vehicle inspection lanes, equipped with advanced technology. This high level of operational efficiency showcases China’s commitment to modernizing trade and transportation.

Lektse Border Trade Market: A Key Trading Hub

Located adjacent to Lizi Port, the Lektse Border Trade Market stands as a vital mutual market between the border residents of China and Nepal. This market is not only a contemporary commercial hub but also a place steeped in historical significance.

The Lektse Border Trade Market has served as a main traditional trading place. Historically, it has been pivotal in the exchange of essential commodities like salt and grain between the two countries. This long-standing role underscores its importance in facilitating cross-border trade and cultural exchange.

In the present day, the Lektse Border Trade Market continues to be a significant point of trade. It not only supports the local economies of both China and Nepal but also strengthens the socio-economic ties between the two nations. As a bustling marketplace, it represents a blend of traditional trading practices and modern commerce, making it a unique and culturally rich trading destination.

Enhancing Tibet’s Global Connectivity

As the fourth land port in Tibet, Lizi Port is a significant step in Tibet’s journey towards global integration. It expands the necessary infrastructure for international trade and cooperation, marking a new phase in Tibet’s global outreach. The establishment of Lizi Port is expected to dramatically improve Tibet’s port layout. It plays a crucial role in fostering sustainable development in foreign economic and trade relations, serving as a channel to South Asia and contributing to the construction of a Himalayan economic cooperation belt.

Economic Implications for Tibet

The port opens up sustainable development opportunities for Tibet, enhancing its role in the Himalayan economic cooperation belt. This development is instrumental in boosting regional economic integration and growth.

China’s Global Strategy

The inauguration of Lizi Port underlines China’s dedication to the Belt and Road Initiative. It reflects China’s strategic efforts to enhance regional connectivity and economic cooperation, extending its influence in South Asia and beyond. The port’s opening is a testament to China’s escalating economic and geopolitical influence, particularly in South Asia and along the Belt and Road route. It highlights China’s strategy of using infrastructure growth to strengthen economic ties and regional presence.

The opening of Lizi Port is a landmark event, emphasizing China’s growing economic and geopolitical influence, especially in South Asia and along the Belt and Road route. This development underscores China’s strategy of leveraging infrastructure growth to foster economic ties and strengthen its regional presence.

Advanced Facilities at the Duty Site

The duty site at Lizi Port is well-equipped to handle efficient border control processes. Key features include:

  • Passenger Inspection Channels: There are 8 passenger inspection channels, streamlining the process for individuals crossing the border.
  • Vehicle Inspection Channels: Two dedicated channels are available for vehicle inspections, accommodating the flow of vehicles between the two countries.
  • Advanced Vehicle Inspection Equipment: The site is outfitted with domestically advanced vehicle inspection equipment, which significantly enhances the efficiency of inspections.

These facilities not only expedite the inspection process but also facilitate more convenient and efficient trade between China and Nepal.

Official Opening and Strategic Importance

The official opening of Lizi Port plays a crucial role in several strategic initiatives:

  • Improving Tibet’s Port Layout: It contributes to the better organization and functionality of Tibet’s ports.
  • Building an All-Round Opening-Up Pattern: The port is part of a broader strategy to create an inclusive and diverse economic opening-up.
  • Sustainable Development in Foreign Economic and Trade Cooperation: It aims to achieve sustainable growth in international economic and trade relations.
  • Open Channel to South Asia: Lizi Port serves as a gateway to South Asia.
  • Himalayan Economic Cooperation Belt: It is a significant component of the Himalayan Economic Cooperation Belt.
  • Promoting the Belt and Road Initiative: The port is instrumental in promoting high-quality joint construction of the Belt and Road Initiative, enhancing regional connectivity and cooperation.

Opening Day Statistics

On its first day of operation, Lizi Port achieved impressive operational milestones:

  • 736 Entry-Exit Personnel: A total of 736 individuals were inspected and released.
  • 42 Vehicles: The port handled 42 vehicles, facilitating the movement of people and goods.
  • Over 40 Tons of Cargo: More than 40 tons of cargo were processed, indicating a strong start for trade activities.

These figures highlight the port’s capacity and its potential to significantly boost trade and economic interactions between China and Nepal.


  1. What is the strategic importance of Lizi Port?
    • Lizi Port is strategically important for enhancing cross-border trade between China and Nepal, improving regional connectivity, and playing a key role in China’s Belt and Road Initiative.
  2. How does Lizi Port impact Tibet’s global connectivity?
    • As the fourth land port in Tibet, Lizi Port significantly enhances Tibet’s infrastructure for international trade and cooperation, marking a crucial step in its global integration.
  3. What are the advanced features of Lizi Port?
    • Lizi Port features state-of-the-art facilities including eight passenger inspection channels and two vehicle inspection lanes, equipped with advanced inspection equipment.
  4. How does Lizi Port contribute to regional development?
    • Lizi Port contributes to regional development by improving the layout of ports in Tibet, fostering sustainable development in foreign economic relations, and establishing a channel for South Asia.
  5. What are the broader implications of Lizi Port’s inauguration?
    • The inauguration of Lizi Port signifies China’s escalating economic and geopolitical influence in South Asia and its strategic use of infrastructure development to strengthen economic ties and regional presence.

About the author

The Tibetan Travel website's creator, hailing from Lhasa, is a cultural enthusiast. They promote responsible tourism, connecting the world to Tibet's beauty and heritage. Awards recognize their contribution.

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