“Nyingchi” means the Grand Seat of the Sun in Tibetan language. It is noted for its green mountains and clear water. The city of Nyingchi is in the southeast of Tibet. It is in the embrace of these three mountain ranges. The Himalayan, The Tangula and the Hindu-Kush Mountain ranges meets here. Nyingchi is also titled with name as Switzerland of Tibet and the River Valley of Tibet(Jiang Nan).
The primitive forest of Nyingchi has well preserved of plants, which found only in Tibetan plateau. Tibetan cypress, the Himalaya cold cedar are regard as the “living plant fossil”. The tree bracken and a vast variety of azaleas. Nyingchi is therefore entitled “the Natural Museum and “the Natural Gene Pool”. The area around the Buchun Lake is deemed to be the place where the wild man was living.
As on the lower reaches of the Yarlung Tsangpo River. Nyingchi boasts a moist climate and picturesque scenery, with an average elevation of 3,000 m. It is in embrace of The Himalayan.
Nyingchi boasts both gorgeous natural beauty and profound ethnic cultures. In recent years with the rapid advancement of economic reform and opening up the tourist industry. It has turned out to be a pillar industry in the reaches of the Niyang River and the relevant networks and facilities have already taken their forms.
Nyingchi has become an international forest park in “the third pole of the globe” where a wide variety of activities such as sightseeing, mountain hiking, rock climbing, exploration, white water surfing and scientific research are carried out.
The topography of Nyingchi is highly undulating with the average latitude of 3,000 meters and the lowest place- Bar Tsoka is only 150 meters above the sea level. Its climate is basically mild and pleasant for the whole year, which creates a desirable environment for both farming and animal husbandry and thus its nickname “the Tibetan Jiangnan”. The warm and wet air currents from the Indian Ocean bring abundant rainfalls here.
The blending of various climates ranging from tropical to temperate zone climate contributes a lot to the forming of the unique landscapes and tourist attractions. Nyingchi has an annual average rainfall of 650mm, 2,022.2 hours of sun lighting, 180 days without frost and a yearly average temperature of 8.7 degree Celsius. The average winter temperature is above zero degree Celsius, and the average summer temperature 20 degree Celsius. Nyingchi is therefore a very pleasant place without harsh winter and burning summer. The rainy season, from May to September, however, is not a nice time period for visitors. The plentiful rainfalls often give rise to landslides, which poses a real threat to local transportation and highway. The tourists should avoid traveling along the Sichuan-Tibet highway at this season. Other natural disasters are sand storm, flood and hailstorms.