In the Area between kunlun mountains, Tanggula mountains and Gangdise- Nyachentangla mountains, its land area covers 2/3 of the whole Tibet. Its Average elevation reaches more than 4,500 m. With unique scenery, Chang tang Grassland teems with 1,000 species of wildlife, of which some 40 species under the protection of the state and autonomous region. There are vast prairies and glaciers, numerous mountains and lakes, hot springs, terrestrial heats.
The North Tibet Grassland, referring to the vast plateau in north Tibet, is referred to as Chang tang (or Qangtang) Grassland in Nagqu Prefecture. As one of the five biggest pastures in China, Changtang Grassland is surrounded by the Kunlun, Tanggula, Kangdese and Nyainqentanglha mountains.
Chang tang Grassland is a culturally rich land as well as a paradise for the wild animals and plants. On the vast grassland, yaks, sheep and nomadic people’s camps can be seen everywhere. And the colorful long-standing nomadic culture created by the nomadic people can be appreciated here.
Nourished by Black River, the upper reaches of Nujiang River, Chang tang Grassland is a paradise for the wild animals and plants. On the vast grassland, yaks and sheep can be seen everywhere. The grass “Naza” growing on the grassland is a kind of short grass that has the highest content of protein among all grasses. That’s why the flocks and herds grazing on the grassland are fatter and stronger than in other places.
Chang tang Grassland is culturally rich. The famous ancient Tang -Tupo Route ran through Chang tang Grassland from south to north. The nomadic people here have created their own colorful, fascinating and long-standing nomadic culture characterized by ancient rock paintings, the Ruins of Yamtung (or Zhangzhung) Kingdom, long epic about King Gesar, Nyima Mound, prayer flags and ancient towers, etc, adding mysterious color to Changtang Grassland and making it irresistibly attractive.
Nomadic people’s camps can be seen everywhere on Chang tang Grassland. Besides the traditional yak camps, there are nylon camps of different shapes and sizes striped with different colors such as red, blue, yellow, green and white. On the top of many camps, multi-colored flags are waving to and fro in the breeze.
The most attractive is the festival attire worn by herders, especially girls and middle-aged women. At festivals, most of the girls and middle-aged women wear gorgeous and expensive Tibetan gowns and hang a lot of tinkling trinkets with them, which is really a beautiful scene.