Elevation and Mountains in Tibet
Tibet is the largest part of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, with an average elevation of more than 4,000 meters, and is known as the “Roof of the World”. The Himalayas extend from east to west at the southern end of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. It is 2,400 kilometers long and more than 6,000 meters high. Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world, with an altitude of 8848.13 meters. This is the deepest canyon in the world, with a depth of 5,382 meters.
Natural resources and minerals in Tibet
There are more than 90 kinds of minerals known in Tibet, of which 26 minerals have been tested, 11 of which are the five largest minerals in Tibet.
Minerals include chromite, lithium, copper, gypsum, boron, magnesite, barite, arsenic, mica, peat, kaolin, salt, natural soda, mirabilite, sulfur, phosphorus, potassium, diatomite, Iceland spar , Corundum, quartz and agate.
Energy Resources in Tibet
Tibet is rich in hydro, geothermal, solar, and wind energy. It produces about 200 million kilowatts of natural hydropower each year, which accounts for about 30% of the country’s total electricity.
Surface water is 354.8 billion cubic meters, accounting for 13.5% of the country’s total resources; glacier water resources are 330 billion cubic meters. The hydropower resources available in Tibet are approximately 56.59 million kilowatts, accounting for 15% of the country’s total resources.
Tibet is also a leader in China’s geothermal energy. The Yangbajing Geothermal Field in Damshung District of Lhasa is the largest geothermal field in China. A high-temperature geothermal steam field is also one of the largest geothermal fields in the world.
Flora and Fauna in Tibet
Tibet is a huge plant kingdom with more than 5,000 high-quality plants. It is also one of the regions with the highest forest coverage in China. The unspoiled virgin forest is protected. From the tropics to the cold northern hemisphere, almost all important plant species can be found here. The forest reserves exceed 2.08 billion cubic meters, and the forest coverage rate is 9.84%.
Common tree species are Himalayan pine, alpine larch, Yunnan pine. Also like Himalayan fir, hard-stemmed fir, long-fruited fir, hemlock, black pine, Tibetan larch, Tibetan cypress, and Chinese juniper. Pine trees are included in the list of nationally protected tree species.
There are more than 1,000 wild plants used as medicine, among which 400 are the most commonly used medicinal materials. The most famous medicinal plants include Cordyceps Fritillaria, Sophora flavescens, Rhubarb, Gastrodia, Ginseng, Codonopsis, Gentian, and Salvia.
In addition, there are more than 200 kinds of known mushrooms, including the famous edible matsutake, hedgehog, camphor mushroom, shiitake mushroom, black mushroom, white fungus, yellow mushroom, and so on. Mushrooms used in medicine include Tukajo, Songganlan, and Steinomphalia.
Tibet has 142 species of mammals, 473 species of birds, 49 species of reptiles, 44 species of amphibians, 64 species of fish, and more than 2,300 wild animals. Animals include long-tailed monkeys, Assam macaques, rhesus monkeys, muntjac, deer heads, bison, red antelope, sulfur, leopards, clouded leopards, black bears, wild cats, weasels, baby pandas, red deer, river deer, white deer, Wild yak, Tibetan antelope, wild donkey, argali, gazelle, fox, wolf, lynx, brown bear, jackal, blue sheep and snow leopard.
Rare species on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau under national key protection. The white-lipped deer only appears in China and is a particularly rare animal. Black-necked cranes and Tibetan pheasants are national first-class protected animals.
Tourism in Tibet
Tibet continues to develop and utilize its unique cultural and natural tourism resources. The area currently has four tourist areas: Lhasa, West, Southwest, and South. The tourist areas of Lhasa include Lhasa, Yanbajing, Damshung, Gyangze, Tsedang, Shigatse, and Yamdrok Lake.
Lhasa itself is not only the political, economic, cultural, and transportation center of Tibet, but also the center of Tibetan Buddhism. The main tourist attractions include Jokhang Temple, Ramoche Temple, Potala Palace, Barkhor Street, Norbulingka Palace, and the Three Gandan Monastery.
It will be like this too. The Jokhang Temple, Potala Palace, Norbulingka Palace, Ganden Monastery, Drepung Monastery, and Sera Monastery are key cultural relics under national protection. Tibet is known as the “Roof of the World on the Roof”. The area attracts tourists because of its important religious significance. Many tourists and pilgrims from Nepal and India came here admiringly.